Global equity markets rose on Monday, with US stocks hitting a new all-time high, after US president Donald Trump belatedly agreed to sign a bill to inject $900bn of stimulus into the world’s largest economy.
Wall Street’s S&P 500 index climbed 0.8 per cent by lunchtime, surpassing a previous peak it hit earlier in December. The Nasdaq Composite advanced by a similar margin.
The gains followed a broad rise in Europe, where Germany’s Dax index gained 1.5 per cent to exceed the high it reached in February before the pandemic shook global markets. The Europe-wide Stoxx 600 rose 0.7 per cent and France’s CAC 40 advanced by 1.2 per cent. London markets were closed for a bank holiday.
Mr Trump had shocked many lawmakers last week when he rejected the $2.3tn legislation, which in addition to the stimulus measures also included funding to keep the government open through the end of next September and avoid a shutdown that was set to start after midnight on Monday.
Steven Mnuchin, US Treasury secretary, had negotiated the bill with lawmakers, but Mr Trump initially refused to sign it into law. The president demanded that Congress increase the direct payment cheques sent to Americans from $600 to $2,000 per individual. Mr Trump said late on Sunday he still planned to make a push for that increase.
Despite the delay, Goldman Sachs economists said the stimulus measures were about $200bn bigger than they had forecast and accounted for about 4 per cent of US economic output. The Wall Street bank now expects the US economy to grow at an annualised pace of 5 per cent in the first quarter of next year, up from its previous forecast of 3 per cent.
“The new path implies meaningfully higher levels of output in all four quarters and lifts 2021 annual growth to 5.8 per cent,” Goldman said.
Dennis DeBusschere, head of Evercore ISI’s portfolio strategy research team, said the US stimulus bill, last week’s UK-EU trade agreement and low interest rates were “catalysts” that set the stage for “another move higher in stocks”.
He said that while the January 5 run-off votes in Georgia, which could determine control of the upper chamber of Congress, were a source of uncertainty, “investor comfort with the near term outlook is increasing”.
In currencies, sterling slid 0.8 per cent against the dollar on Monday to $1.3446, leaving the pound further away from the 2020 high of $1.3624 that was hit on December 17.
Investors said the Brexit trade deal cleared one of the major points of uncertainty hanging over the currency but that significant work still needed to be done given that it did not cover key industries, such as financial services.
“Despite this being one of the hardest possible Brexit outcomes, it allows for both parties to establish a co-operative platform and possibly allow for improvements eventually,” said Christian Keller, head of economist research at Barclays.
Mr Keller added, however, that the UK bank remained “cautious for the month ahead as acrimonious negotiations have likely resulted in deep diplomatic scars on both sides of the channel”.
In Asia, equity markets inched higher. China’s CSI 300 closed up 0.4 per cent with Tokyo’s Topix rising 0.5 per cent.